An International Design Competition and a Symposium in the UK

A new international Death and Design competition has been launched, titled: "Future Cemetery Design Competition 2016", all the details can be found here. "Award is 5000 GBP and a part-time residency at the Pervasive Media Studio in Bristol. Submit your proposals by January 8th 2015. Register for an application pack before December 5th 2015".

The previous design competition I know about had some very interesting admissions and I'm very much looking forward to seeing what shall this competition bring forth. You're welcome to see some examples from the previous competition, titled "Design For Death" held in 2013, in this post of mine: When Death, Commemoration, Technology and Design Get Together

The Futures of Digital Death Symposium will be held in Lancaster in January 2016. All the details can be found here
"Futures of the End of Life: Mobilities of Loss and Commemoration in the Digital Economy: We invite contributions that bring analytical, critical, practice-based and creative insights to the use, design and development of technologies entangled at the end of life. Theoretical, empirical, practical and design or art-based research and approaches are welcome. Submission Deadline: 14th December 2015". 


Welcome to the Israeli ‘Digital Death’ Scene

Over the past year I’ve become aware of many active projects in Israel – at least 20 sites and applications – related to the various aspects of Digital Death. Most of these projects were the result of a personal experience. When I contacted them I was surprised to find that most had not heard of each other. They were unaware that their innovative initiative was part of a larger, up-and-coming social and technological field that has yet to be acknowledged.

I am therefore happy to be the first to present you – and them – with the local scene in this field. This is my own initiative in collaboration with Geektime: I conducted a wide-spread review of the Israeli projects, of which ten are presented below. Four additional sites are in the process of reorganization and preferred not to take part:

Additionally, three people are working on another three sites in this field that have yet to go live, one of which stemmed from the death of the entrepreneur’s mother. They too were almost completely unfamiliar with the Israeli sites that exist in the field.

Three other sites chose not to respond to my offer to take part in the review:

  • Yoram KrausInfibond.com – this is a social network focused on remembrance and commemoration. Or at least, as far as I know this is what it was meant to be. Currently it seems to focus more on the living than the dead;
  • Inbal Baumer’s legalup.me – she wanted the site to include the issue of digital wills. I don’t know if this was actually implemented;
  • Yonatan Yisrael’s olamim.co.il – a platform for creating memorial sites.

And I haven’t even included the Avelim site (offering digital obituaries) or companies that offer QR bar-codes on gravestones.

I’m curious to see the future initiatives that will appear in this field, in the world in general and in Israel in particular. Are you aware of additional, relevant projects? I’d love to hear about them! death.in.digital.era@gmail.com 


Launch: 2013
Founders: Ayelet Hirshfeld and Mickey Bergman, childhood friends. Management is in the US, R&D in Israel.
Finances: Privately owned and funded. The first round of fundraising will begin soon. Subscription business model.
Target audience: Private people and businesses who will offer the service as part of their service package.
Listed users: some 500.

This is a service that allows users to determine ahead of time which actions will be carried out in their online accounts after their death. These can range from money transfers and cancelling subscriptions to sending pre-composed messages and transferring account control to someone else. Capsoole is the result of brain-storming among its founders regarding the affect death has on a person’s loved ones and their digital heritage. The founders became involved in this topic following unfortunate experiences and challenges that Mickey went through after a tragic death in the family.

How does your service assist in managing digital footprints?
Ayelet Hirshfeld: “Today the only available solution is to trust a 3rd party (e.g., family, friend or trusted lawyer) with this information so they might implement the person’s will in the event they become incapacitated. This solution has limitations, such as the need to update a third party every time a password is changed. This is especially important for financial institutions because when a person becomes incapacitated, or during the first 30 days after they die, their assets are vulnerable to fraud. Our solution will instantly alert the financial institution of the customers’ situation, thus allowing them to proactively prevent fraud during this sensitive time. Without Capsoole’s solution, it would take at least two months to alert the financial institution to the customer’s situation”.

What differentiates this project from other projects in this field?
Mickey Bergman: “We are the only company that, in case of an emergency, allows automatic implementation of one’s pre-determined action plan without sharing sensitive information with others or placing an additional burden on loved ones. Our delayed execution solution solves the technical and legal barriers of transferring full ownership of a digital existence to someone else. We are also the only service that allows automatic notification of an individuals’ incapacitation during an emergency”.

What are your future goals?
“We would like to see our solution duplicated across a variety of fields, from finance to social media, health, travel, companies’ institutional knowledge, etc”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“We believe that individuals are entitled to fully own their digital existence and we would love for Capsoole to provide people with the tools to do so. This path is long and steep. It requires a legal framework (currently digital-account providers claim ownership of individuals’ content) and the technical capacity to exercise such rights.

We offer services to financial institutions such as "Protect My PayPal”, which sends instant notification to PayPal in case of emergency to protect individual accounts from fraud. 
As our assets increasingly assume digital form (books, music, pictures, documents etc.) people are realizing more and more that they would like to do something with those assets. While social media is taking control over how we communicate with people, we understand that this too is our legacy”. 


Launch: 2015
Founders: Nadav Naaman and Nadav Weizman. The company works out of Tel Aviv.
Finances: In August 2015 the company raised $1.5 million in seed funding from the Pitango Ventures Capital Fund and other investors.
Target audience: Currently the focus is on US citizens but the service is open to everyone.
Listed users: Just launched.

This application not only enables photographing and digitizing important documents so they are easily accessible, but also sharing them and receiving alerts and notifications regarding them. 

What differentiates this project from other projects in this field?
Nadav Naaman: “We provide easy and secure access to all important documents, both those scanned through the smartphone and those stored online. The application also uses an innovative picture-processing application to understand the significance of each document and what it ‘needs’. That way we are able to update the user regarding expiration dates and upcoming deadlines”.

How is this related to Death in the Digital Age?
“We are used to thinking that paperwork is relevant only so long as we are alive, but many documents continue to be an important part of our loved ones lives even after we die. Our goal is to prevent situations in which people are left without a clue regarding how to cope with digital life after the death of their loved ones. My father would ask me, “When are we going to go over my affairs so you’ll know what’s what and where everything is? You know I won’t live forever…” The idea of sitting with him and going over things was really depressing and I know many would rather avoid such a conversation. Docady creates an easy way to manage these exact things. My dad now manages his documents easily and simply on Docady, and has provided me with access to the stuff I need”.

What are your future goals?
“We would like to form strategic partnerships with a multitude of services – government, financial, insurance or legal – that can help streamline the bureaucratic process for our users”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“The tragic loss of a friend much too young meant my group of friends and I had to spend weeks going through paperwork in order to help his widow deal with all the important documents she now had to manage. Obviously my friend never expected that he would die young and leave his wife in such a difficult position, but that’s exactly the point – you never do expect the worst to happen. We founded Docady to serve as a solution that would help make it easier for people to prepare for life’s unexpected moments.

You are rarely by your computer or filing cabinet when you desperately need a document, and trawling through Dropbox or Gmail to find a digital copy is time consuming. We solve that problem, making it easy to access your important documents whenever you might need them by bringing them all together in one user-friendly place. We have a built-in camera scanner, but we also offer a completely unique feature: collecting any potentially important documents from existing online storage accounts or email services, and then allowing users to swipe through them to store any relevant docs in the app. This makes it easy for you to instantly find the document you need whenever you need it. 

It’s tough to keep on top of your important documents and to deal with renewals or updates. Our app leverages cutting-edge image processing to extract important information from digitized documents and understand what they actually mean. Documents are more than just a slip of paper or a digital image – they have a life of their own and often require certain actions to be performed. By understanding what your documents mean and what they ‘need’ we are able to notify our users of upcoming deadlines and expiration dates in plenty of time, allowing them to take care of things without pressure.  

We also make it easy to share documents across family members, spouses, or even lawyers and accountants.

Preparedness is at the center of what Docady is about. We’re trying to encourage users – and make it easy on them – to think about things in advance and make sure that if the worst should happen, they are as prepared and as organized as possible.

One of our greatest breakthroughs was the understanding that while we’re definitely solving a personal problem for each individual user, the value and importance of our solution multiplies when it comes to families. While many people struggle to get a handle on organizing their own personal documents, this struggle becomes infinitely harder (and in some ways, more important), when you have to manage the paperwork and bureaucracy for an entire family”.


Launch: 2011
Founders: Alon Nativ and Roni Nimri (Aley Shalechet). Offices in Ra'anana.
Finances: Independently funded.
Target audience: General public.
Listed users: Undisclosed.

Virtual safe: secure backup service to save important documents and allow sending them onwards after death to beneficiaries selected by the user. E-Z-Safe was created following the colleagues’ need for access to passwords following a death.

What differentiates this project?
Gil Arbel, VP: “I don’t think there is a difference other than the local difference of Hebrew. The whole micro-cosmos of this niche offers pretty much the same things; some do so better than others. The field of digital safes has been comparatively frozen since Google brought in the Death Switch model [the possibility of managing an inactive account – V.S.] as part of its basic account definitions”.

So why is E-Z-safe necessary?
“A regulatory system has yet to be built to regulate the issue of digital death and the relationship between the user and the various internet platforms. Profit-driven companies do not necessarily represent all of the users’ interests or heritage. A digital safe removes the fear of losing control of your assets after death”.


Launch: Site – 2009; App – 2011 
Founders: Erez Eshel, Michal Porat, Eran Alfonta. Offices in Ramat Gan.
Finances: During the seed funding stage was financed by three investors: an Israeli businessperson, an American investor and an American fund.
Target audience: The general public, focusing on English and Portuguese speakers in North, South and Central America.
Listed users: Hundreds of thousands. Exact numbers were undisclosed.

This is a Facebook application for leaving secure personal videos or text messages that will become public or be sent privately as predetermined by the user, after the user’s death. The application was the result of a personal experience: some five years ago, a friend of the founders went abroad for a few days with his wife, leaving the children behind. Following a minor accident on a high-way the idea came up of an internet service that would allow recording a digital will. The will would be sent to family members in the event of the user’s death.

What differentiates your service?
Eran Alfonta: “When we launched the app it was considered ground breaking – until then there had been no real solutions in the field of digital wills. The major advantage is the complete accessibility we offer a person in order to build his digital heritage: you can add, edit or change the recording at any time and so create a long-term digital heritage”.

What differentiates your approach?
“We chose the social aspect, therefore the Facebook application. We decided to take a light, humoristic approach and that’s why our campaigns and videos address death in a natural, light-hearted way without being apologetic or hesitant”.

What is your vision?
“Social changes that involve existential heritage in which a person is responsible for his or her own destiny and heritage, designing it throughout their lives”.


On the humor front, the ifidie application gained points when they quickly responded to the purchase of Waze by Google in 2013: anyone who looked for the URL (which has since been removed) www.googlewaze.com found themselves on an iIfidie landing page, facing the banner, “Google, meet the only app that will navigate you to your final destination”.

Courtesy of ifidie



Launch: 2014 
Founders: Shlomo Silverstone, Eliezer Cohen and Debra Eisenberg. Management in Jerusalem, marketing in the US.
Finances: Following the self-funding stage, the company raised investments from an ‘angel’ investor. Subscription business model.
Target audience: Funeral homes and retirement homes, mainly in the United States.
Listed users: Undisclosed.

LifeVU offers funeral homes a package that includes building profiles for their clients and using them throughout the funeral service. Friends and family are invited to post stories, condolences and pictures to the profile from any mobile gadget. This enables real-time construction of the slideshow they are viewing during the funeral. Every profile is given a link to a feature in the system that collates all profile activity to an updating presentation that the funeral home broadcasts on screens / projectors in real-time. As it is online, the family and the bereaved can “take” the profile and later on screen it at home, in a family ritual and so on, and it can also serve as an updated digital album.

What problems does this service address?
Shlomo Silverstone: “The service provides solutions for the inability of social networks to cope with personal relationships among people after the death of a loved one. Another solution is regarding the market: funeral home directors see the long-term abandonment of this generation and the financial loss that entails. The belief is that by including innovative digital elements – such as a designated social network – will bring back the young, technological generation".

What differentiates this project from others in this field?
“Our overall aim is to bring together, on a uniform platform, a designated social network that will run in all funeral homes. This uniformity will provide a solution to the existing confusion among family and friends of the deceased regarding where exactly to send condolences: through a general condolence site? Through the funeral home site? Does the funeral home have a site? Is the site adapted to mobile devices? Does it have the option of sending condolences? What type of condolences does it allow – text only? A picture? Something else? Will anyone see it was sent? With LifeVU, any activity that takes place on the profile appears instantly – not only on the funeral home screens but also on the Facebook page of the friends of the person who posted the picture, condolences, memory etc. to the profile. This allows the extended circle of friends and family to participate – including those who are not at the ceremony itself for various reasons. It also enables advertising the funeral home and this is the innovation of this service”.

What are your future goals?
“Developing a social network to commemorate beloved pets”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“We are working in this area specifically in order to create something new that bridges the gap between life and the period when life ends.

Although it is commonly held, usually for good reason, that this market is very backward compared to other fields, we see an honest and real attempt on behalf of funeral home directors to ‘catch up’ to the 21st century lifestyle.

This is an attempt to change the concept of worldwide interaction during funerals and during the whole period following death. There is no longer any need to broadcast the ceremony from the funeral home, which is expensive and uses many resources. This brings the outside in – meaning the friends, the family, the wider circle of life, and those who couldn’t participate. It brings them into the ceremony, into the funeral home, in full view of the bereaved. There is no longer a need to turn Facebook pages into memorial pages, which can cause much unpleasantness. Instead we are providing access to a social network designated for the deceased’s loved ones after he or she dies”.


Launch: 2014 
Founders: Meir and Asi Ohana, twin brothers. Management and R&D in Petah Tikva; design in London; management, marketing and investment in the US.
Finances: Self-funded.
Target audience: The general public.
Listed users: Some 2,500.

About five years ago, Meir and Asi were living in the US and they returned to Israel to pay a condolence visit to the family of a good friend who had been killed. The friend’s mother was very moved to see a picture of her son she had never seen before on Meir’s mobile phone screensaver, so she asked him to send it to her. It was then the brothers realized that nowadays when a person dies there are many pictures, videos and stories of them spread among their friends. They thought it would be a good idea to set-up a website that would concentrate all this valuable information in one place that everyone could visit and see, and they set up memories.com.

How does your site help commemoration?
Meir Ohana: “The site allows assembling memories from those who knew the deceased without having to contact them directly; controlling all the content gathered and deciding what content will be publicized and what won’t. You can make separate decisions regarding the privacy or sharing of each album, picture, video or story. The site also serves as a social network that allows commemoration in a way which is simultaneously public and private”.

What are your future goals?
“For the site to become the main platform in the world for commemoration and retaining memories”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“The site is intended for anyone who wants to commemorate their loved ones. In addition, we are also working on a development that allows people to preserve their memories while they are alive.

Nowadays there is a shift in perception, the fact is that almost none of us know who are grandparents were or the generation before them. In future we will be able to enter the memory albums of our ancestors, know where we came from and so better understand our roots.

The site was constructed on an optimistic note. Our approach is that life goes on, and despite the pain we need to go on living and enjoying life”.



MyHeritage, BillionGraves 

www.myheritage.com, billiongraves.com/myheritage
Launch: MyHeritage, 2005; BillionGraves, 2011 
Founder: My Heritage: Gilad Japhet. Head offices are in Israel, with additional offices in the US. Over 200 employees worldwide. They work in collaboration with BillionGraves but do not own them.
Finances: MyHeritage raised $49 million from private investors and venture capital funds.
Listed users: MyHeritage: some 80 million.
Target audience: The general public.

The BillionGraves project works in collaboration with the MyHeritage family tree site. Together they are creating a digital archive of gravestones all over the world: users photograph a gravestone using an application and the picture is uploaded to the site with an automatic notation of the coordinates. Volunteers type in the text on the gravestones.

What is special about your services?
Aaron Godfrey, MyHeritage marketing director: “We created a global sharing tool that enables preserving the family story by gathering information about the family from different sources. We help people discover more about their family history”.

What sets you apart from the others?
BillionGraves: “Advanced technology (awaiting patent) offering support in 42 languages; a system that enables handling Gregorian, Hebrew and Julian dates; and GPS location of the gravestone”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“In MyHeritage we want to build a knowledge base so rich and interconnected that it allows everyone who is interested to discover, share and preserve their family history and meaningful family moments. We want to empower people with an understanding of who they are and with a sense of belonging. As a result we are also able to use our information for the greater good, for example by locating the heirs to property looted by the Nazis”.


Launch: 2013 
Founder: Shelly Furman Asa, home office.
Finances: Private funding. The business model will be examined later on, after the next version of the site goes live.
Target audience: The general public.
Listed users: Some 1,000.

Four years ago, friends of Shelly from various European countries came on a one-time visit to Israel. Of the ten days they were here, one full day was dedicated to finding the gravestone of the grandmother of one of them (a grandmother she had never met) in a Jerusalem cemetery. After seeing the condition of the gravesite, another day was dedicated to caring for it. This experience was an eye-opener for Shelly, leading her to establish a knowledge system with an internet interface. It includes documentation and a digital archive of gravestones in Israeli cemeteries, in addition to providing a service and a location to commemorate the deceased. 

What differentiates your site?
Shelly Furman Asa: “After standing for years, exposed to the elements, the gravestones become worn and sometimes blurred until the identity of the person buried is lost. We created an archive that perpetuates the gravestone and allows reconstructing it in future. The archive we created for digital graves enables writing an unlimited amount of text on them, unlike stone markers. There is currently no other site that contains over 130,000 gravestones in 19 cemeteries in Israel”.

What are your future goals?
“I’d like to translate the site into other languages in addition to Hebrew, and expand the circle of users to include people from outside the country as well”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“When I first began working on the site and consulted people about it, I was met with many reservations: ‘Why are you dealing with death?’, ‘The site is morbid!’ and so on. As the idea matured I was able to clarify the idea and explain: Firstly, I am not dealing with death itself but with the life that preceded death. And secondly, I am dealing with the people still alive who would like a place and a focal point to be alone with their now deceased loved ones. Although this is done virtually, it still allows a physical connection to the place where the deceased departed and a link to the place where to a great extent they feel that the person is still present.

Everyone dies at some point. Most leave behind people who remember them and would like to write to them, consult with them, make requests, write about them, bring up joint memories with them and so forth. On the site we see grandchildren writing to their grandparents, children writing to their parents, colleagues writing to people they worked with, students writing to teachers, and even a guy from the underworld writing to his friends ‘from that period’ about how he missed them.

We have already brought together family members who did not know how to find each other. They left digital letters on the gravestone of a beloved uncle. In this way their cousins were able to find them and renew the relationship. There are many such requests on the site. Although the information on the site is personal, the picture that arises is of historic events in the life of the Jewish people and the Jewish settlement of Israel, told from many personal aspects.

The site is a historic documentation archive. We have correct details that are more accurate than those in historic archives – even the ones in Yad VaShem”.

personal memorials  

Launch: 2012 
Founders: Alon Nativ and Roni Nimri (Aley Shalechet). R&D in India and Israel, management and design in Israel. Office in Ra'anana.
Finances: Independently funded. 
Target audience: The general public, funeral homes, burial societies, organizations interested in providing their members with a free commemoration area.
Listed users: Undisclosed.

This is a platform for constructing commemoration and memorial sites. The service allows private users to construct and store a commemoration site for free. Organizations and institutions can construct a site to commemorate members.

What differentiates your site?
Gil Arbel, VP: “The opportunity to easily construct a memorial site, even without prior knowledge, through a user-friendly wizard. I don’t believe that there is anything different from other memorial sites, possibly other than local reference in Hebrew. The whole micro-cosmos of this niche offers practically the same thing, some are better than others. It must be kept in mind that platforms such as WIX are undermining the need for designated platforms for memorial sites”.

In that case, why is personal memorials necessary?
“The field of a person’s last rites continues to be very conservative. Having said that, all over the world the field of after-death sites is growing, as technology is permeating even into the most conservative fields. We offer private end users access to information regarding their family heritage. We offer organizations the option of constructing a heritage, the consequences of which is being realized only by the current generation in Israel”.

What are your future goals?
“Integration into funeral home sites around the world”.


Launch: 2015 
Founders: Moran Zur. Investor: Yaakov Engel. Office in Tel Aviv.
Finances: Independently funded by the founder and the investor. 
Target audience: The general public, focusing on people over 60 and people at high risk due to illness, occupation or other reasons.
Listed users: Just launched.

This service enables users to store personal messages on video, text, pictures, audio or other formats, and determine who will receive them and when. Among other things one can set a date, place or event that will serve as a precondition for sending the message, a message to be posted on Facebook or Twitter etc. The site also allows sending access passwords and account details according to user guidelines. SafeBeyond is the result of the founder coping with his father’s death, and later on having to deal with his wife’s cancer.

What are you actually offering?
Moran Zur: “We offer a solution to the human need to continue accompanying our loved ones even after we die. The initiative will help cope with death better through personal messages and content that will be released after death. These releases for the designated beneficiaries will be based on triggers pre-determined by the user, and only at the appropriate time and place after the user is deceased. Leaving an emotional inheritance can be no less important, if not more important, than leaving a physical inheritance”.

What are your future goals?
“To reach every home in the world”.

Bonus for blog readers:
“In the technological era we can identify a real need to replace the deceased’s “shoebox of memories” and adapt the digital inheritance to the beneficiary.

We suggest retaining each person’s heritage and messages and allow passing them on from generation to generation. At the same time this allows us to better manage all the assets we accumulate in the digital world, many of which currently fall between the cracks after our death.

After the social networks based themselves as an integral part of the daily life of millions of people, there is real readiness and curiosity among users to adapt themselves to the digital era in this sensitive field as well. Over the past decade we have witnessed a massive shift to saving information on digital disks, and currently also to storing them in a ‘cloud’. As a result, it is highly important to manage and save this information”.


Was first posted in Hebrew in September 2015 in Geektime and in the blog
My heartfelt thanks to Rachel (Berman) Madar for translating. 


Nope, BBC News: You Got It Wrong

I stumbled upon this BBC News story about Hollie Gazzard and had to read it twice. I'm sorry to report that even in my third reading, the errors were still there: 
  • "was stabbed to death in Gloucester earlier this year" - nope, she was killed in 2014, not 2015.
  • "If you die, a relative or friend can request for your Facebook profile to become memorialised" - nope, anyone can report a death to Facebook, not just a friend or a family member. It can be a complete stranger (which is part of the problem).
    I know the link says "a family member or friend" but at no point are you required to provide any proof of being a friend or a family member - hence the ability of anyone to fill up this form.
  • "Whoever requests it will have to give Facebook some proof that you have died, such as a death certificate" - nope, for requesting to memorialise an account you don't need to present a death certificate, only "a link to or copy of an obituary or other documentation about the death". You're requested to prove that you're a family member and to provide a death certificate only if you're asking to remove a profile altogether - not if you're only trying to have it memorialised. 
BBC News staff - and other media - please feel free to contact me in the future with Digital Death related items - preferably before publication.  


When Facebook Isn't Sensitive Enough

For her 10th birthday on February 4th 2014, Facebook launched a feature: Look back, allowing you to see a one minute long video made from your own personal Facebook highlights, from when you first joined to when you're creating your video. The next day, February 5th 2014, John Berlin moved people all over the world when he uploaded a video in which he begs Facebook to allow him to watch the Look Back video of his deceased son, Jesse Berlin:

The moving video went viral and Facebook got in touch with him the next day: 

Facebook print scree, John Berlin 

Later that month Facebook changed their policy and since then grants requests to see Look Back videos of the deceased. Look out, this is a trap: if you approach Facebook with a request to see a video of someone who passed away, you are thus informing Facebook of his/her death, which results in Facebook turning his/her profile into a memorialised one - a course of action I highly recommend you avoid since it's irreversible, or if you do pursue, that at least you'll choose to do so and while you're aware of the consequences. 

In December 2014 Facebook launched the feature Your Year In Review: a collection of photos of your "most significant" moments of the past year (by their algorithm) that you uploaded and/or are tagged in, and caused people pain when the algorithm chose to show them significant moments which included dear ones who passed away, like in Eric Meyer's case - Facebook presented a picture of his six year old daughter who passed away that year, on her birthday. 

Print screen, Eric Meyer

The latest feature Facebook came up with, on March 2015, was On This Day: an algorithm chooses memories from your own private Facebook history and present you with it. The problem is that sometime it reminds you exactly of what you would most wish to avoid, like the death of a dear friend, as happened to Sean Forbes:      

 Print screen, Facebook, Sean Forbes 

 Print screen, Facebook, Sean Forbes 

In October 2015 Facebook made some changes and you can now adjust some settings in this feature, for instance, define people and dates you would rather not come across in your memories, but that solution isn't good enough, cause: A. You can't choose not to come across any memories whatsoever and B. the mere process of listing people and dates you wouldn't want to jump out at you from your feed could be painful in itself.  

Up to this point you could claim Facebook isn't to be hold liable, you could say "she didn't think about it" or "you can't expect an algorithm to be sensitive" - and some people do say that, but not all of them. But in the next cases I'm about to introduce you to, you can't take Facebook off the hook that easily: it's acting in a manner which is insensitive and inconsiderate, period, and those are people within Facebook acting in this manner, not an algorithm (and algorithms are made by people too): 

In December 2011, before 20 years old Anthony TJ Cannata committed suicide by shooting himself, he uploaded a picture of himself holding a gun pointed at himself. It's such a chilling image you would expect Facebook to remove it immediately, wouldn't you? Well, it didn't. Family members and friends approached it multiple times about it before it was finally taken off his account (article, article). 

Anthony TJ Cannata

It took Facebook about a month to remove the picture of TJ holding a gun to his mouth, so most of his friends and family members were exposed to it - an image they are not likely to easily forget, regretfully. His mother said
"All I wanted to do was stop everyone from seeing the picture of the gun in his mouth before it happened, and it breaks my heart to see it up still". 

In August 2014 Daniel Rey Wolfe, a Marine veteran, uploaded pictures documenting his suicide. His friends and former comrades immediately reacted, reached out to him and tried to support him and stop his attempt, but he succeeded in taking his own life (article, article). Seven images of horrible, graphic nature remained on his timeline, so we would expect Facebook to immediately take them offline, wouldn't we? Well, apparently, no. His friends were furious

"Who needs to see their son, brother, cousin or friend like that? Facebook will remove a picture of a bare ass or exposed breast with the quickness. How are those more dangerous than a young man mutilating himself before he commits suicide?"

Daniel Rey Wolfe

After two days of his friends and family members reporting the clearly visible pictures to Facebook and receiving replies that they will not be removed because they do not violate community standards, Facebook removed his entire profile. Well, Facebook, not the solution we've hoped for. 

Print screen, Facebook, a friend of Daniel Rey Wolfe
It's also insensitive and painful to suggest to the friend to ask Daniel to remove the photo, as he is no longer alive

Hollie Gazzard was murdered by Asher Maslin in February 2014. It's now November 2015 and her family still has to see on her profile nine pictures of the two of them together, as: the murderer is her ex boyfriend, Hollie's profile was memorialised so her family is locked out of it, and Facebook refuses to remove the offending pictures because "it maintains the profile as it was when the person passed away". Seriously, Facebook? Do the people who work for you have any idea what is it like to deal with a family member being murdered? Do you seriously think it is better to preserve the profile exactly as it is than to remove pictures of the deceased with the person who killed her and was sentenced to life in prison? Her friends and family members are avoiding her profile since her death to spare themselves seeing those pictures. Whom does your tough, unrelenting, unthoughtful policy serve, exactly? 

Hollie's Facebook profile in which you can still see pictures of her with her murderer and ex boyfriend 

Her family didn't contact Facebook with a request to memorialize her account - a stranger did that, an action I highly discourage you from taking. Don't report a profile to Facebook asking for it to be memorialized - that decision should be left up to the family. If you are a family member and you do wish to memorialze an account - take into consideration that such a report has consequences and that the process is irreversible, and do so only after you're absolutely certain that this is what you wanna do.  

Facebook, you still have a long way to go, I'm sad and sorry to note. 

November 11th update: 
On the positive side, it is good to know that sometimes individual people do manage to reach Facebook and make her change her mind, and it's good to know that following a petition and Hollie's father pleading on behalf of their entire family, Facebook finally agreed to remove the offending pictures from the memorialized profile. On the less positive side: Why did you have to wait so long, Facebook, and be persuaded by signatures from 11,000 people? I think that in such a clear case, the mere facts, along with the request from the grieving family, should have been enough. 

Print screen, Facebook, Hollie's grandmother 
Asking on Oct. 29th to sign the petition:
"Facebook is upsetting us when looking at our granddaughter photos"

Print screen, Facebook, Hollie's father
Asking on Oct. 28th to sign the petition:
"I am Hollie's dad and want to the photos removed to stop my family and Hollie's friends from the pain of seeing them"

November 12th update: 
Facebook's official statement for finally taking the pictures down from Hollie Gazzard's profile is:  
"Through our memorialisation policies we aim to help families find ways to remember and celebrate their loved ones on Facebook whilst respecting the privacy of the deceased. In this case we received a report of ​​copyright infringement, and we removed the reported content in response to that report".
Reading their answer makes me feel like pulling my hair out by the roots with frustration. They really think the only valid reason for removing pictures of the murdered with her murderer is because of "​copyright infringement"? Seriously? 
  1. If this was the case, why haven't they removed the pictures earlier? Why did her family have to beg AND get signatures from some 11,000 people for them to do that? 
  2. This seems like such a clear case that I simply can't understand my Facebook is so anxious to cling to their "memorization policy" in this matter: whom do they think could possibly benefit from seeing pictures of a 20 years old woman with the man who stabbed her 14 times at her work and then was sentenced to life in prison? If they wish to adhere to the wishes of the deceased, we can very much assume she would not wish to keep pictures of herself with her murderer. Since she's not here to see the pics and we can't ask for her opinion, let's take the next step in this line of thought. The memorialized profile is aimed at being the focal point of remembering the deceased, correct? It's where everyone flocks to to post memories, pictures, stories, videos, and to flick through past posts, pictures and videos, reminiscing. Coming across pictures of the murdered with her murderer while flicking through past memories is a sure way to turn the people who love her AWAY from her profile, as running across these pics is a sure way to cause pain and distress. So the memorialized profile isn't fulfilling its purpose. Instead of being a magnet, it repels. Her family has repeatedly asked Facebook to remove these pictures - how can this not be a valid enough reason in itself? Whom is it serving, that Facebook insisted on keeping the pics up for so long? The setting of these pics weren't public anyway, it was only her family and friends who could see them. If they at least had the sensitivity to say "We realize we were wrong in not taking the pictures down earlier and we apologize for any pain and distress we caused her loved ones by doing so" - but no, they say there was a "​copyright infringement". 
  3. They say they aim to "​celebrate deceased loved ones on Facebook through memorialization" - how can you put "celebration" and "pictures of her and her murderer together" in the same sentence? 
  4. They say they wish to "respect the privacy of the deceased" - how does deleting pictures of her and her murdered violate her privacy? 

 I just don't get this. 


Self Commemoration via Avatar - eterni.me

Finally: an update from eterni.me!

When they first made themselves known they made a lot of noise (article, article, article and there is plenty more where that came from), I've signed up for updates back in April 2014 - and haven't heard from them since. 

Previous websites who tried to offer intelligent avatars and/or messages to be posted posthumously presumably composed by the deceased after their death (not to be confused with messages composed by the deceased while he/she were still alive, as can be found in this list) did not succeed - I'm curious to see what shall happen with this one. 

Intellitar is the first example that comes to mind: they offered us the chance to "pour" ourselves into an intelligent avatar which will preserve us - or parts of us - after our death. It didn't work out. I wonder what happened to the intellitars which resided in the servers when the site went offline. Kind of sad to think of them all being erased. 

Print screen by Digital Dust

Print screen by Digital Dust, 2011

From a recent interview in "Fusion" with Don Davidson, Intellitar’s CEO and co-founder, I learned that the site didn't go offline due to lack of interest, but due to an intellectual property dispute. 

I still had the chance to talk to Don's intellitar back in 2011 - I wrote about the experience in a series of articles I wrote in 2011 - and I didn't like it one bit. Turns out I wasn't the only one

Print screen by Digital Dust, 2011

Another site which offered a breakthrough - and then didn't deliver it - is (was?) Liveson, which offered to create new tweets after our death, based on what we tweeted while we were still alive. Despite their great slogan "When Your Heart Stops Beating, You'll Keep Tweeting", I haven't heard from them for so long that I suspect they are about to disappear as well. Their own last tweet was back in 2013. This must get you thinking about Black Mirror's episode "Be Right Back". Well, Liveson posted about it at the time, and Eterni.me's founder and CEO lists it as one of his influences. 

I don't know how active "That Can Be Ny Next Tweet" are, but I suspect: not very. 

Another website offering a similar solution is eter9, but they are so new I don't know how seriously they should be taken into account, if at all. 

Eterni.me's journey and behind-the-scenes story up to this point is told in length and detail here, by their founder and CEO. I appreciate his honesty. And the mention of Tamagotchi. Let's see if this time something will come out of it.